Information on the national parks, nature reserves and locations for hiking, walking, mountain biking and other outdoor activities around the provinces of Tuscany.
A region in central Italy, Tuscany is bordered by Emilia-Romana, Liguria, Umbria and Marche, Lazio and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west. Its landscape consists of hills, plains and mountainous areas.
The main river is the Arno, which flows through the cities of Florence and Pisa. Other rivers include the Ombrone, Magra, Serchio, Sieve and Bisenzio.
Tuscany's varied terrain and climate makes it the ideal location for a variety of outdoor sports, including walking and hiking. In Maremma there are three parks, 21 nature reserves and 42 so-called Siti di Interesse Regionale (or SIR) (Sites of Regional Interest). The largest and most important protected area is the Parco Naturale della Maremma (Maremma Natural Park), which also known as Parco dell`Uccellina (Uccellina Park). The major Tuscan islands, including Giglio and Giannutri, are part of the Parco Nazionale Arcipelago Toscano (Tuscan Archipelago National Park), which was created in 1986.
Coastal areas have a mild summer and winter climate, whereas moving further inland the weather is increasingly continental. Inland areas experience hot summers and cold winters. Rainfall varies from 600mm (24 inches) annually along the coast to 2,000mm (80 inches) in mountainous areas.