The complete alphabetic series, on the edges of a ivory writing table (pugillaris), has all the symbols of Greek writing as it had been received in Etruria already in 8th century BC. It is thus at the same time both the oldest Etruscan and the oldest Greek alphabetary.
t is not clear whether the process of adaptation of the Old ItalicOffsite Link or Etruscan alphabet from the Greek alphabet took place in Italy in the city of CumaeOffsite Link, the first Greek colony on the mainland of Italy, or in Greece/Asia Minor. The Etruscan alphabet was a precursor of the Old Latin alphabet, the basis of the Latin alphabetOffsite Link.
"It was in any case a Western Greek alphabet. In the alphabets of the West, X had the sound value [ks], Ψ stood for [k?]; in Etruscan: X = [s], Ψ = [k?] or [kχ] (Rix 202-209).
"The earliest Etruscan abecedariumOffsite Link, the Marsiliana d'AlbegnaOffsite Link (near Grosseto) tablet which dates to c. 700 BCE, lists 26 letters corresponding to contemporary forms of the Greek alphabet which retained san and qoppa but which had not yet developed omega.
In transliteration: "A B G D E V Z H Θ I K L M N Ξ O P ? Q R S T Y X Φ Ψ"
"21 of the 26 archaic Etruscan letters were adopted for Old LatinOffsite Link from the 7th century BCE, either directly from the Cumae alphabetOffsite Link, or via archaic Etruscan forms, compared to the classical Etruscan alphabet retaining B, D, K, O, Q, X but dropping Θ, ?, Φ, Ψ, F (Etruscan U is Latin V, Etruscan V is Latin F).
In translieration: "A B C D E F Z H I K L M N O P Q R S T V X"