Abbadia d'Ombrone

Abbazia di Vallombrosa

Villa Arceno

Bardini Garden in Florence

Bernard Berenson

Boboli's Gardens

Il parco dei Mostri di Bomarzo

Villa Bottini

Castello di Brolio

Villa Cahen

Villa della Capponcina

Villa Capponi

Villa Medici at Careggi

Villa di Catignano

Cecil Ross Pinsent

Castello di Celsa

Villa Certano Baldassarrini

Certosa di Pontignano

Villa di Cetinale

Villa Chigi Saracini

Villa Farnese (Caprarola)

Gardens in Fiesole

Villa Gamberaia

Villa Garzoni in Collodi

Villa di Geggiano

Villa Grabau

Villa Guicciardini Corsi Salviati

Horti Leonini di San Quirico

Villa I Collazzi, Firenze

Iris Origo

L'Orto de'Pecci (Siena)

Villa I Tatti

Villa Medicea La Ferdinanda

Villa La Foce

Villa La Gallina in Arcetri

Villa Lante

Villa La Petraia

Villa La Pietra

Villa La Suverana in Casole d'Elsa

The Medici Villa at Careggi

Villa Medici in Fiesole, Firenze

Garden of Palazzo Medici-Riccardi in Firenze

Villa Medicea at Poggio a Caiano

Medici Villas in Tuscany

Villa di Monaciano

Giardino degli Orti Oricellari | Firenze

Orto Botanico, Siena

Villa Orlandini in Poggio Torselli

Il Palazzone

Villa Palmieri and Villa Schifanoiai

Villa Peyron al Bosco di Fontelucente

Palazzo Piccolomini in Pienza

Villa di Pratolino

Villa Reale di Marlia

Villa San Donato in Colle (Bagno a Ripoli)

Villa Santini Torrigiani

Villa di Vicobello

Villa Vistarenni

Il Vittoriale degli Italiani

Gardens in Tuscany

Palazzo Farnese, Caprarola)

Palazzo Farnese, Caprarola [0]

Giacomo da Vignola


Giacomo (or Jacopo) Barozzi (or Barocchio) da Vignola (often simply called Vignola) (1 October 1507 – 7 July 1573) was one of the great Italian architects of 16th century Mannerism. His two great masterpieces are the Villa Farnese at Caprarola and the Jesuits' Church of the Gesù in Rome. The three architects who spread the Italian Renaissance style throughout Western Europe are Vignola, Serlio and Palladio.


Giacomo Barozzi was born at Vignola, near Modena (Emilia-Romagna). He began his career as architect in Bologna, supporting himself by painting and making perspective templates for inlay craftsmen. He made a first trip to Rome in 1536 to make measured drawings of Roman temples, with a thought to publish an illustrated Vitruvius. Then François I called him to Fontainebleau, where he spent the years 1541–1543. Here he probably met his fellow Bolognese, the architect Sebastiano Serlio and the painter Primaticcio.
After his return to Italy, he designed the Palazzo Bocchi in Bologna. Later he moved to Rome. Here he worked for Pope Julius III and, after the latter's death, he was taken up by the papal family of the Farnese and worked with Michelangelo, who deeply influenced his style (see Works section for details of his works in this period).
From 1564 Vignola carried on Michelangelo's work at St Peter's Basilica, and constructed the two subordinate domes according to Michelangelo's plans. [1]
Giacomo Barozzi died in Rome in 1573.[1] In 1973 his remains were reburied in the Pantheon, Rome.



Major Architectural Works

Vignola's main works include:
Villa Giulia for Pope Julius III, in Rome (1550-1553). Here Vignola was working with Ammanati, who designed the nymphaeum and other garden features under the general direction of Vasari, with guidance from the knowledgeable pope and Michelangelo. A medal of 1553 shows Vignola's main villa substantially as it was completed, save for a pair of cupolas.
Villa Farnese at Caprarola (1559–1573);
Villa Lante at Bagnaia (1566 onwards), including the gardens and their water features and casini;
Chiesa del Gesù, Rome, the mother church of the Jesuit order, which would become a source for Baroque church facades in the 17th century;
Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli, Assisi (with Galeazzo Alessi);
Church of Sant'Andrea in Via Flaminia, Rome, the first church to have an oval dome, which became a signature of the Baroque.


Villa Giulia
Villa Farnese at Caprarola

Vignola's celebrated Palazzo Farnese at Caprarola, about 40 miles north of Rome, had been completed for Cardinal Alessandro Farnese by about 1575. The Villa Farnese, also known as Villa Caprarola, should not be confused with the Palazzo Farnese and the Villa Farnesina, both in Rome.
The Villa Farnese is situated directly above the town of Caprarola and dominates its surroundings.





Palazzo Farnese was initiated by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese seniore who commissioned Antonio da Sangallo the Younger the construction of a fortified residence; this aspect of the original building is still evident in the two towers which flank the main entrance. In 1534 the cardinal became Pope Paul III; the construction of the palace at Caprarola was halted because Sangallo was commissioned a long series of new works, including Palazzo Farnese in Rome, new walls around the Vatican (Porta S. Spirito) and the redesign of a section of the ancient Roman walls (Bastione del Sangallo).  

Giardini di Sopra (Upper Gardens), the fountain on the steps leading to a small casino



Other Architectural Works

The main courtyard of the Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum, formerly the convent of the Church of Santi Domenico e Sisto, is traditionally attributed to Vignola but completed after his death. Ten arches on the long sides and seven on the short are sustained by pilasters with Tuscan style ornamentation that rise from high plinths. A simple frieze with smooth triglyphs and metopes separates the lower from the upper levels.[2]

Unbuilt Works

Like many other architects, Vignola submitted his plans for completing the facade of San Petronio, Bologna. Designs by Vignola, in company with Baldassare Peruzzi, Giulio Romano, Andrea Palladio and others furnished material for an exhibition in 2001[3]

Written Works

His two published books helped formulate the canon of classical architectural style. The earliest, Regola delli cinque ordini d'architettura ["Canon of the five orders of architecture"] (first published in 1562, probably in Rome), presented Vignola's practical system for constructing columns in the five classical orders (Tuscan, Doric, Ionic, Corinthian and Composite) utilising proportions which Vignola derived from his own measurements of classical Roman monuments.[4] The clarity and ease of use of Vignola's treatise caused it to become in succeeding centuries the most published book in architectural history.[5]
Vignola's second treatise, the posthumously-published Due regole della prospettiva pratica ["Two rules of practical perspective"] (Bologna 1583), favours one-point perspective rather than two-point methods such as the bifocal construction. Vignola presented— without theoretical obscurities— practical applications which could be understood by a prospective patron.[6]




Villa Lante at Bagnaia


Vila Lanta

Villa Lante in Bagnaia, near Viterbo


Villa Lante at Bagnaia near Viterbo, attributed to Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola (there is no contemporary documentation [7]) is, with the famous garden at Bomarzo, one of the most famous Italian 16th century Mannerist gardens of surprises. The first surprise to a visitor coming fresh from Villa Farnese at Caprarola is the difference between the two villas in the same area, period, architectural mannerist style and possibly by the same architect: there is little if any similarity. Villa Lante is arranged not as a dominant single building with adjacent gardens as at Caprarola, but with the gardens as the principal feature, set on the main axis and stepping up the hillslope as a series of terraces between the two small and relatively subservient casinos.   Fontana del quadrato o dei Mori in Villa Lante, Bagnaia

Fontana del quadrato o dei Mori in Villa Lante, Bagnaia



Mappa OpenStreetMap Villa Lante, Bagnaia | Ingrandire mappa



Gardens in Tuscany | Vignola's effect on garden design

[0] Photo by Livioandronico2013, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.
[1] Chisholm 1911.
[2] Retrieved 3 May 2013
[3] Marzia Faietti and Massimo Medica, 2001. La Basilica incompiuta: Progetti antichi per la facciata di San Petronio (Ferrara: Edisai)
[4] Center for Palladian Studies in America, Inc., Palladio's Literary Predecessors
[5] Vignola, Canon of the Five Orders of Architecture, translated with an introduction by Branko Mitrovic (New York: Acanthus Press, 1999), p. 17. ISBN 0-926494-16-3.
[6] Gietmann 1913.
  [7] Coffin, David The Villa in the Life of Renaissance Rome, Princeton University Press, 1979, p. 140



  • Giorgio Vasari, Le Vite... (1568 edition; Volume IV, 94–95).
  • G.K. Loukomski, Vignole (Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola) (Series: Les grands architectes), Paris 1927 (Remains a standard monograph).
  • Egnatio Danti, Les deux règles de la perspective pratique de Vignole, 1583, Pascal Dubourg Glatigny, Paris, 2003, ISBN 2-271-06105-9.
  • Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Barocchio, Giacomo" Encyclopædia Britannica3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 417.


This article incorporates material from the Wikipedia articles Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola and published under the GNU Free Documentation License.

Villa is Tuscany

Podere Santa Pia, a formal cloister in the Tuscan Maremma is the perfect holiday resort for relaxing and enjoying the splendor of the Maremma hills of southern Tuscany. Located on the outskirts of Castiglioncello Bandini, in a hilly and unspoilt land, Podere Santa Pia is one of the best places to slow traveling in Tuscany. Surrounded by olives groves, vineyards and majestic vegetation, the holiday farm offers a house and an independent apartment, each with modern conveniences and furnished with style, simplicity and suitable outdoor furniture. This formal cloister offers the quiet tranquility of a private retreat, with numerous attractions, beautiful nature reserves and unspoilt beautiful beaches within easy reach.

Farmhouses in Tuscany | Podere Santa Pia

Colline sotto Podere Santa Pia
Podere Santa Pia
Podere Santa Pia, garden
Hills under Podere Santa Pia