Agnolo Bronzino

Agnolo Gaddi

Ambrogio Lorenzetti

Andreadi di Bonaiuto

Andrea del Castagno

Andrea del Sarto

Andrea di Bartolo

Andrea Mantegna

Antonello da Messina

Antonio del Pollaiuolo

Bartolo di Fredi

Bartolomeo di Giovanni

Benozzo Gozzoli

Benvenuto di Giovanni

Bernard Berenson

Bernardo Daddi

Bianca Cappello

Bicci di Lorenzo

Bonaventura Berlinghieri

Buonamico Buffalmacco

Byzantine art



Dietisalvi di Speme

Domenico Beccafumi

Domenico di Bartolo

Domenico di Michelino

Domenico veneziano


Duccio di Buoninsegna

Eleonora da Toledo

Federico Zuccari

Filippino Lippi

Filippo Lippi

Fra Angelico

Fra Carnevale

Francesco di Giorgio Martini

Francesco Pesellino

Francesco Rosselli

Francia Bigio

Gentile da Fabriano


Domenico Ghirlandaio


Giorgio Vasari

Giotto di bondone

Giovanni da Modena

Giovanni da San Giovanni

Giovanni di Francesco

Giovanni di Paolo

Giovanni Toscani

Girolamo di Benvenuto

Guidoccio Cozzarelli

Guido da Siena

Il Sodoma

Jacopo del Sellaio

Jacopo Pontormo

Lippo Memmi

Lippo Vanni

Lorenzo Ghiberti

Lorenzo Monaco

Lo Scheggia

Lo Spagna

Luca Signorelli


masolino da panicale

master of monteoliveto

master of saint francis

master of the osservanza

matteo di giovanni

memmo di filippuccio

neroccio di bartolomeo

niccolo di segna

paolo di giovanni fei

paolo ucello


piero della francesca

piero del pollaiolo

piero di cosimo

pietro aldi

pietro lorenzetti



sandro botticelli

sano di pietro


simone martini

spinello aretino

taddeo di bartolo

taddeo gaddi

ugolino di nerio




Domenico Beccafumi 004.jpg

Domenico Beccafumi, Vittima di Codro, re di Atene, affresco Sala del Concistoro, Palazzo Pubblico, Siena

German: Allegorischer Freskenzyklus (Politische Tugenden) aus dem Plazzo Pubblico in Siena, Szene: Das Opfer des Codrus, König von Athen

Travel guide for Tuscany

Domenico Beccafumi in Palazzo Pubblico, Siena



Sala del Concistoro, The Sacrifice of King Codron of Athens 


The Sala del Concistoro in Palazzo Pubblico in Siena, houses one of Domenico Beccafumi's best works, ceiling frescoes critical of Siena's medieval government.
The brightly coloured frescoes on the ceiling of the Sala del Concistoro, were completed between 1529 and 1535 by Domenico Beccafumi, once more a representation of themes related to justice and patriotic devotion that take their cue from the Lorenzetti Good Government and the di Bartolo Illustrious Men cycles. Next to the Sala del Concistoro is the Sala di Balia, also known as Sala dei Priori. This room is adorned with frescoes by Spinello Aretino (1407) illustrating the Life of Pope Alexander III dei Bandinelli. This scene is a fresco of  Il sacrificio di Codro, The Sacrifice of King Codron of Athens in Palazzo Pubblico of Siena.




Codrus (Greek: Κ?δρος) was the last of the semi-mythical Kings of Athens (r. ca 1089–1068 BC). He was an ancient exemplar of patriotism and self-sacrifice.[1] He was succeeded by his son Medon, who it is claimed ruled not as king but as the first Archon of Athens.

Aristotle, however, in the Constitution of the Athenians states an alternative view that Medon was also King of Athens rather than first Archon.[2]

The earliest version of the story of Codrus comes from the 4th oration Against Leocrates by Lycurgus of Athens.[3] During the time of the Dorian Invasion of Peloponnesus (c. 1068 BC), the Dorians under Aletes, son of Hippotes had consulted the Delphic Oracle, who prophesied that their invasion would succeed as long as the king was not harmed. The news of this prophecy, that only the death of an Athenian king would ensure the safety of Athens, quickly found its way to the ears of Codrus. In devotion to his people, Codrus disguised himself as a peasant and made it to the vicinity of the Dorian encampment across the river, where he provoked a group of Dorian soldiers. He was put to death in the quarrel, and the Dorians, realizing Codrus had been slain, decided to retreat in fear of their prophesied defeat. In the aftermath of these events, it was claimed that no one thought himself worthy to succeed Codrus and so the title of king was abolished, and that of archon substituted for it.


Mappa Palazzo Pubblico, Siena| Ingrandire mappa


Aristotle presented an alternative view that Codrus was succeeded as King by his sons Medon, and then Acastus.[4]


    1.   Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Codrus". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
    2.  Aristotle, Constitution of Athens 3
    3.  Lycurgus, Against Leocrates, 84-87
    4.  Aristotle Constitution of Athens 3




Codrus, the last king of Athens, on a Attic red-figure cup of Bologna [2]


Domenico Beccafumi 064   Domenico Beccafumi 002   Domenico Beccafumi 001
    Patriea Amor, allegorie  

Mutua Benevolentia


Spurius Cassius Vecillinus   Domenico Beccafumi 007   Domenico Beccafumi 003

Spurio Cassio


  Marcus Manlius   Figure dell'antica Roma
Domenico Beccafumi 016   Domenico Beccafumi 004   Domenico Beccafumi 012

Vittima di Codro, re di Atene


Domenico Beccafumi 005        

Sacrificio di Seleuco di Locri



Podere Santa Pia is a fantastic artistic property, perfect for relaxing and enjoying the splendor of the Maremma hills that rise up from southern Tuscany. To the south is the little isle of Montecristo. Alexandre Dumas visited the uninhabited island of Montecristo in 1842 and was inspired to use the craggy, windswept rock as the setting for his novel The Count Of Monte Cristo.

Turismo in Toscana | Case vacanza in Toscana | Podere Santa Pia

View from Podere Santa Pia on the Valle d'Ombrone
View from Podere Santa Pia on Montecristo
Podere Santa Pia
  View from Podere Santa Pia on the Valle d'Ombrone  
View from Podere Santa Pia
on the coast and Corsica

Art in Tuscany | Domenico Beccafumi, the last great artist of the Sienese school

More info at museum site

[1] Fonte: The Yorck Project: 10.000 Meisterwerke der Malerei. DVD-ROM, 2002. ISBN 3936122202. Distributed by DIRECTMEDIA Publishing GmbH.

[2] This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where thecopyright term is the author's life plus 70 years or less.




This article incorporates material from the Wikipedia article Codrus published under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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