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Palazzo Pubblico


Domenico Beccafumi 007

Domenico Beccafumi, Marcus Manlius, affresco Sala del Concistoro, Palazzo Pubblico, Siena

German: Allegorischer Freskenzyklus (Politische Tugenden) aus dem Plazzo Pubblico in Siena, Szene: Der Sturz des Marcus Manilius (Marcus Manlius executed by being tossed from the Tarpiean Rock)


Travel guide for Tuscany

Domenico Beccafumi in Palazzo Pubblico, Siena



Sala del Concistoro


The Sala del Concistoro in Palazzo Pubblico in Siena, houses one of Domenico Beccafumi's best works, ceiling frescoes critical of Siena's medieval government.
The brightly coloured frescoes on the ceiling of the Sala del Concistoro, were completed between 1529 and 1535 by Domenico Beccafumi, once more a representation of themes related to justice and patriotic devotion that take their cue from the Lorenzetti Good Government and the di Bartolo Illustrious Men cycles. Next to the Sala del Concistoro is the Sala di Balia, also known as Sala dei Priori. This room is adorned with frescoes by Spinello Aretino (1407) illustrating the Life of Pope Alexander III dei Bandinelli. This scene is a fresco of Manlius tossed from the Tarpeian Rock by Beccafumi in Palazzo Pubblico of Siena.



Marcus Manlius


Marcus Manlius Capitolinus (died 384 BC) was consul of the Roman Republic in 392 BC.[1] He was the brother of Aulus Manlius Capitolinus. The Manlii were a patrician gens.

During the Gallic siege of Rome in 390 (or 387) BC, the account of which became partly mythologized, Marcus Manlius held out for months with a small garrison on the citadel (arx), while the rest of Rome was abandoned. When Gauls under the command of Brennus were attempting to scale the Capitoline, Manlius was roused by the cackling of the sacred geese, rushed to the spot, and threw down the foremost assailants.[2]

After the sack of Rome left the plebeians in pitiful condition, they were forced to borrow large sums of money from the patricians, and once again became the poor debtor class of Rome. Manlius, the hero of Rome, fought for them. Livy says, with some inaccuracy, that he was the first patrician to act as a populist (popularis). Seeing a centurion led to prison for debt, he freed him with his own money, and even sold his estate to relieve other poor debtors, while he accused the Senate of embezzling public money. He was charged with aspiring to kingly power, and condemned by the comitia, but not until the assembly had adjourned to a place outside the walls, where they could no longer see the Capitol which he had saved. The Senate condemned him to death in 385 BC, and he was thrown from the Tarpeian Rock one year later.[3] He is considered the second martyr in the cause of social reform at Rome.[4]



Mappa Palazzo Pubblico, Siena| Ingrandire mappa


His house on the Capitoline Hill was razed, and the Senate decreed that no patrician should live there henceforth. The Manlii themselves resolved that no patrician Manlius should bear the name of Marcus. According to Mommsen, the story of the saving of the Capitol was a later invention to justify his cognomen, which may be better explained by his domicile.



    1. T.R.S. Broughton: The Magistrates Of The Roman Republic. Vol. 1: 509 B.C. - 100 B.C.. Cleveland / Ohio: Case Western Reserve University Press, 1951. Reprint 1968. (Philological Monographs. Hrsg. von der American Philological Association. Vol. 15, 1), p. 92
    2. Livy v. 47; Plutarch, Camillus, 27.
    3. Livy vi. 14-20
    4. For a summary of these events, see Finley Hooper, Roman Realities (Wayne State University Press, 1979), p. 53ff.
Domenico Beccafumi 064   Domenico Beccafumi 002   Domenico Beccafumi 001
    Patriea Amor, allegorie  

Mutua Benevolentia


Spurius Cassius Vecillinus   Domenico Beccafumi 007   Domenico Beccafumi 003

Spurio Cassio


  Marcus Manlius   Figure dell'antica Roma
Domenico Beccafumi 016   Domenico Beccafumi 004   Domenico Beccafumi 012

Vittima di Codro, re di Atene


Domenico Beccafumi 005   Domenico Beccafumi 008   Domenico Beccafumi 010

Il Tribuno Publio Muzio manda i suoi alleati sul rogo


  Morte di Melio
Domenico Beccafumi, Riconciliazione di Emilius Lepido con Fulvio Flacco   Domenico Beccafumi 014    

Riconciliazione di Emilius Lepido con Fulvio Flacco


  Postumio Tiburzio uccide suo figlio    

One of the best places to slow travel in southern Tuscany is Podere Santa Pia. This holiday house is a peaceful retreat, perfect for relaxing with magnificent panoramic views of the mystical Maremma hills up to the Mediterranean Sea and Montecristo.

Turismo in Toscana | Case vacanza in Toscana | Podere Santa Pia

Podere Santa Pia
  Podere Santa Pia  
View from Podere Santa Pia
on the coast and Corsica

More info at museum site | Palazzo Pubblico, Siena

Art in Tuscany | Domenico Beccafumi, the last great artist of the Sienese school

[1] Source: The Yorck Project: 10.000 Meisterwerke der Malerei. DVD-ROM, 2002. ISBN 3936122202. Distributed by DIRECTMEDIA Publishing GmbH.

This article incorporates material from the Wikipedia article Marcus Manlius published under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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